Bruerne 2010
On International Women's Day 8th March 2020 Ľubomír REHÁK Slovak Ambassador and
Gerry Manolas, Chair of Memorial Association for Free Czechoslovak Veterans
start the refurbishment of Marína PAULÍNY's grave (a work in progress)

The Ambassador, Embassy Team & Gerry Manolas began preparing the grave for refurbishment by Haven Memorials
in a staged process aimed at completing the renovation by 28th March and Marina's birthday.
Marína PAULÍNY died when a Liberator aircraft of 311 Czechoslavak Bomber Squadron flying from Blackbush, UK to Czechoslovakia crashed at Elvetham, Hampshire on 5th October 1945. Those who died with her are memorialised near her grave at Brookwood Cemetery(see album images).

Struggle Across Europe - Australian Broadcasting Company Wed 29 Nov 1939
The journey from Bratislava to London by train in normal times takes about 48 hours. It took Mlle Marina Pauliny, who has just arrived here three weeks. Mlle. Pauliny, a calm young woman with a competent manner, is a cousin of Mme Hodza, wife of the former Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia. She was hostess of the of the Anglo-American Club in Bratislava, and "godmother" to the many visitors and students passed on to her by the Foreign Ministry. Conditions in many parts of the country, she tells me, have become unbearable. The life has gone from the cities. Many hundred members of the Sokol, the nationalist physical training organisation, are in concentration camps. A former mayor of Prague is digging ditches in Germany.
Mlle. Pauliny heard of a new order which would make a Gestapo permit necessary before anyone could leave the city. She left the day before it was introduced. Endless passport and permit delays held her up in her journey across Europe. She had to wait in town after town until she finally reached Paris. She intends to work here for the Czech liberation movement


Exile & Gender
From correspondence with Marina Pauliny 1942

5,000 Allied "Free" Women Work in Britain
By 1941, airmen and more than 4,000 soldiers who escaped when Nazi Germany seized Czechoslovakia on 15th March 1939 had subsequently been evacuated from France to Britain, and were helping to defend Britain. In addition, over 12,000 civilian refugees had registered with the Czech Refugee Trust Fund by December 1939, including women, children, and German and Austrian refugees who had previously sheltered in Czechoslovakia from Fascism. Consequently, there was ample scope for the Czechoslovak Red Cross, and its activities in Britain were wide-ranging. Primarily, these included despatching medicines, food and clothing to Czechoslovak servicemen in Britain, and distributing the customary 'comfort parcels', especially at Christmas.


Bulletins fron Britain 6th August 1941
5,000 Allied "Free" Women Work in Britain
Czechoslovakia Has 400
The leading personality among 400 Czechoslovakian women war workers in England is Mademoiselle Marina Pauliny, vice-chairman of the Red Cross and Slovakian-Anglo-American Society. Born in Sloenske Pravno, she went to the United States with her parents when she was eight years old, retaining her nationality. She worked with the Y.W.C.A., accompanied the Red Cross to Siberia after World War 1 as an interpreter, snd returned to liberated Czechoslovakia where she worked for the Y.W.C.A.. A correspondent for the Associated Press at the outbreak of war, she left shortly after a warning from friends and arrived in Britain in 1939, via Hungary, Yugoslavia, Italy and France. Others in England include 100 military and civilian nurses and twelve Red Cross dental and medical nurses, also ambulance drivers, typists, secretaries, cantinieres, teachers of refugee Czechoslovakian children, and Red Cross workers distributing American comforts.

Click on image above for an ALBUM of staged renovation work including how Owen Davis of Haven Memorials transformed the grave.

Read / download a MARÍNA PAULÍNY biography here.

Banner image at left from PRVA Female First MARÍNA PAULÍNY Public domain image at right.